The first written information about MİDYAT dates back to 13th century BC. It was seen as a region that could be seized and plundered for the Assyrian kings. BC In 879 II. Assurnasirpal said proudly " I seized Matiate (=midyat) and Its villages. I obtained plenty of booty, got installed shakedown and tax." Throughout the history, Midyat region are often confronted such events.Due to Midyat takes place on Upper Mesopotamia, the world's oldest residential area, throughout history ıt has been remained under the sovereignty of many civilizations such as the Sumerians, Assyrians, Urartu, Macedonians, Persians and Romans.
In 640 AD , Midyat came under the dominance of Islam in the period of Hz.Ömer.Then, region has been dominated again by the Umayyad and the Abbasids that are muslims.Especially, with the region being dominated by the Abbasids, the movement of a wide zoning began in this region. Most villages of Midyat were established at the time of Sultan Harun Resit that was the most brilliant period of the Abbasids.
At the period of Artukid principality, One of the Turkish Anatolian principality,Derizbin (Acırlı) lords, came into Artukoğulları sovereignty. Midyat which has been district in 1810, gained municipal organization in 1890. As all midyat people know, may be At 1960's (no hard data in my hand), Midyat directed by the Turkey's first Madam Mayor. I want to emphasize that this shows us the equality and tolerance shown by the success of management.
According to the result of the the general gensus in 1971, Midyat center's inhabitants have been identified as 61,378 . Known as estel and old midyat, two seperate settlements are 3 km away from each other. Midyat's land, composed of these settlements and nine quarters, is in the form of naked and hard-looking, sandy, calcareous clay off the deep valleys and hills. Terrestrial climate is dominant in Midyat and rainfall usually occurs in spring and autumn seasons. Vegetation is steppe in the form of oak groves.
From the past to present, farming, animal husbandry and handicrafts created source of livelihood of Midyat people. Today, Midyat traditional craft of stone engraving, silver processing (Silver), copper, rug weaving, fabric painting, pottery, jewelry are still maintained the importance.In recent years, observed a large increased demand in Silver processing and It also find its market abroad.
There are almost 25 small workshops lined up side by side in old Midyat. At these workshops, by processing the silver completely efforts of manually and traditionally,these silvers are converted to accessories such as rings, necklaces, vases, belts, keychains, spoons and cups of tea under.Then , they are offered for sale in our country and abroad.
Actually, Midyat's another popular art, stone processing has very old history and again has seen demand. Also, Stone processing serves at Workshops opened by the office of the governor.
Mor Gabriel monastery is 23 km away from Midyat. You can provide access to the monastery by the help of a 2.5 km a long way seperated from the left, at the East of Midyat-idil, before reaching the village of Yayvantepe.Becouse of being the oldest and the most anticque in the region, this monastery reveals the authentic and historical beauty percolated for years. Therefore, the person who visits this monastery is faced with a vast history reflected the depth of the year 1600.After that, in this place called quiet Pearl of the East, this person can understand the abstract meaning of human virtues, much more accurate .At the same time, this person cannot hide his astonishment sees in the face of glory. Becouse, fthe foundations of the monastery were laid at first by Two Syrian priest named Purple Samuel and Purple Semun in MS. 397 at the period of the Roman Emperor Arcadius and Anurius. Because of being launcher for the real life of the monastery at Midyat Plateau , The monastery wrapped in a character to accommodate hundreds of priests at ıts first periods. Although , the foundations of this monastery was in 397, In the course of history, and especially the period of Emperor young Todosius and Anastas, this monastery was decorated with interesting frescos and figures. White, black, red and blue colors of the mosaic on Part of the base of the mihrab and the fascinating gilded mosaics on the ceiling are the samples of that period. After the end of the big church, at these dates, deep large cistern made outside of the monastery by monastery monks is still in use.
In addition, Houses the Saints, the Virgin Mary Church and Teodora Dome structures belong to the 6. century are available in the monastery. Teodora Dome is the most favourite and was made of baked bricks by financial help of Teodora, the daughter of Emperor Arkadius. İt is in a shape of ellipse and interesting with eigth curved.
This church located in the south of Anıtlı village is one of the rare churches today. Although this church is known as "yoldath aloha" in Syriac language, it is often called "al-Hadra" (the virgin) in Arabic. Square plan and central dome of the Church can only be compared to the large church Deyrulzafaran Monastery in Mardin. Both churches probably belong to 6th century. The bell tower and the upper structure from the outside belong to 20th century. Seats in a opsisle are large enough to accommodate mutual studying choirbut in a closed community, the nave has features never been encountered in the other local churches. It seems that the church was spared for the protocol that once undertook the center of metropolitan. This church like other monastic churches in Midyat has got cross-aisle. Four ornate belt seeing Naos carries an octagonal pulley rising on the dome. A belt attached to the left drop-down entry karteksten church circles,north and south and the other two, is planned for double chorus ofpriests, the altar area of the fourth turn. The altar area is located on either side of the side cells. Entries on the arches rise, as usual decorated with Acanthus leaves. Headers and architecturally elegant decorations Turabdin's pearl ofthe church. Another rumor is that the institution of the Hah Virgin Mary Church dates back to the birth of Jesus (1st century). In the territory of Judea, twelve kings set out to trace the bright stars that are believed to herald the birth of a king, When they rwach to the king of Hah, three of them are sent to Jerusalem. In the territory of Judea, twelve kings set out to trace the bright stars that are believed to herald the birth of a king, The tree kings find the new born child and offers him presents. When they bring the cloth of the child given them as a souvenir to Hah, they cannot tear it into pieces. Burning it into ashes so as to share among themselves, the cloth turns into twelve gold medals. When they witness this miracle, they decide to create a monument in the name of Mother of God that shall survive forever.
Cevat Paşa Central Mosque, was built in 1925 by Cevat Paşa. The mosque is a thick-walled, square stone, was built in the background Midyat. The mosque is courtyard type. The mosque is entered into entry portion of the fork consists of a three-meter wide rectangular plan. Prayer is the curved part of the gate, the edges of the door is decorated with palmette motifs. The upper part of the same door is decorated with interlocking ring-shaped motifs. Entrance of the mosque on the wall of two rectangular prism, the three arches of the mosque, built on prayer part of the wall. The mosque, props on eight round columns resting on square bases, is composed of twelve arches of the mosque is located in the small dome in the middle. Four in the direction of the dome is located in the small windows. There are four cavities in the form of lower sections of windows to the right hemisphere. The mosque is built in a type of arch windows, the windows are decorated with slices of stone facades of nested frames. Consists of four parts of the niches around the shapes. The first and the second section is decorated with floral decorations, the third section consists of nested square prism-shaped slices of stone. In the fourth, the outside edges of the carved stone shaped in the form of a half sphere. Minaret, Midyat cylinder is made of stone. Cheers decorations are concentrated in the two balconies. The first cheers thin columns are decorated with floral and geometric shapes in both cheers density give the ornament.
Hasankeyf as a lot of important terms in Turkish-Islamic history and civilization. Hısnıkeyfa" referred to in this city, "Castle Rock" can be translated into the form. Various sources, each nation's own language is a different pronunciation of the word, "protection available" means. The castle was created by carving a single piece of stone mass.
Hasankeyf is a place where history and nature is at peace.Hasankeyf has an important place in the Turkish-Islamic History and Civilization. Keyfa Hısn the name of this city, "Rock Fortress" is translated in the form. According to the Assyrian M. Streck Hısn Keyfa as possible is the name, "Kipani" claims that the word means. Ancient history and the nations of this kind of words meaning "suitable protection" is stated in the means. Due to the massive stone fortress here which means "Rockstone" in Syriac but Roman historians called here "Kipas" or "Cepha".
Hasankeyf when it was established that, due to lack of adequate information and documents available so far remained in the dark.Opinions about the possibility of being a provider did not go beyond. The geological structure of the city with a large number of houses used as residences carved into the rocks (the caves) show that Hasankeyf settlement dating back to the Urartian period.
Located on 30 Km southeast of Mardin, on the Mardin-Nusaybin road. Mezepotamya's this famous city today has become a medium-sizedvillage. As a bastion of history was Tare. Tare water cisterns,theater, water mill, dam, bridge, church, market, store, and a 40-meter-deep underground location (later used as a prison) are still visible.